While arthritis is very common in larger joints, such as the hip and knee, the condition can still occur in smaller joints, including in the foot. The most common form of arthritis in the foot occurs in the big toe at the metatarsophalangeal, or MTP, joint.
Arthritis of the big toe, medically known as hallux rigidus, can be painful and interrupt your lifestyle. Wear and tear of the toe joint or severe injury can damage the cartilage, causing the bones of the joint to rub together.
If you are suffering from arthritis in your big toe, you may experience pain, stiffness, or swelling in the toe. You may also notice a bump on the top of the foot. This condition is best treated when caught early, so be sure to see your doctor if you notice any of these symptoms.
Nonsurgical treatment methods to reduce symptoms of arthritis in the toe include:
- Taking anti-inflammatory medications
- Wearing shoes with a larger toe box
If nonsurgical treatments do not provide adequate pain relief and restore function, surgical treatments are also available.